Too ve as well olumlu cümlede ve genellikle cümle sonunda kullanılırlar. Ancak, too, özneyi vurgularken ortada da kullanılabilir.
Everybody enjoyed the play. My parents ^njoyed it too/as well. I, too, had expected him to pass. (Ben de onun geçeceğini ummuştum.)
Also, ortada kullanılan bir zarftır, ancak cümle sonunda da yer alabilir. Vurguladığı öğeye bağlı olarak cümle içindeki yeri değişebilir.
I met many old school friends at the party. I also met some of our teachers. I also had expected him to pass./I had expected him to pass also. (Ben de ...) I had expected also him to pass. (Onun da ...)
7-14 SO .... THAT, SUCH .... THAT
a) So + adjective/adverb: so warm, so beautiful, so expensive, etc.
so fast, so carefully, so quickly, etc.
Such + a/an + adjective + a singular noun: such a pretty girl, such a lovely day, such an absurd case, etc.
Such + adjective + plural noun: such pretty girls, such happy days, such expensive shoes, etc. Such + adjective + uncountable noun: such awful weather, such difficult vocabulary, such strong coffee, etc.
So ve such niteledikleri sıfatın anlamını kuvvetlendirir. Such, sıfat tamlamalanyla kullanılır. So'dan sonra bir zarf da gelebilir.
I liked the meal. It was so delicious. (It was really delicious.)
I don't want to read this book. It's so boring. (It is really boring.)
She is a good cook. She cooks such delicious meals, (really delicious meals)
I like her very much. She is such a nice person, (a really nice person)
Such'dan sonra direk bir isim de gelebilir. Bu durumda such "böyle, öyle" anlamına gelir.
people like money a lot. Such people don't like to spend money even on
their own needs. (Böyle insanlar )
b) So ve such, sıfatın ya da
zarfın derecesinin umduğumuzdan az ya da çok olduğunu
ifade ederken "bu kadar, o kadar" anlamında da kullanılır.
The play was excellent. I hadn't expected it to be so good. (Bu kadar iyi olacağını ummamıştım.)
Don't work so hard. You'll lose your health. (Bu kadar çok çalışma.)
The exam was really difficult. I hadn't expected it to be such a difficult exam. (Bu kadar zor bir sınav olacağını ummamıştım.)
Their house is very large. I didn't know they had such a large house. (Bu kadar büyük bir evleri olduğunu bilmiyordum.)
c) So ve such,
süreç ve mesafe bildiren ifadelerle şu şekillerde kullanılır.
So long = such a long time
I didn't think the job would take so long/such a long time.
(İşin bu kadar uzun süreceğini sanmıyordum.)
So far = such a long way
I didn't know your house was so far/such a long way from your work. (Evinizin işinize bu kadar uzak olduğunu bilmiyordum.)
Miktar bildiren sözcüklerle so da bir isimle birlikte kullanılır.
With countable nouns:
So many = such a lot of
I have so many books/such a lot of books that I don't know where to put them. (O kadar çok kitabım var ki ....)
So few = such a few
She has so few friends/such a few friends that she feels lonely. (O kadar az arkadaşı var ki...)
With uncountable nouns:
So much = such a lot of
They have so much furniture/such a lot of furniture at home. (Evlerinde o kadar çok mobilya var ki.)
So little = such a little
I can't possibly finish typing all these letters in so little time/such a little time. (Bu kadar az zamanda bütün bu mektupları yazmayı bitirmem mümkün değil.)
d) So ve such neden-sonuç ilişkisi kurarak iki cümleyi bağlayabilir.
Reason: I was very tired. Effect: I went to bed early.
I was so tired that I went to bed early. (O kadar yorgundum ki erkenden yattım.)
Reason: There were a lot of people in the queue. Effect: I decided not to see the film.
There were so many people/such a lot of people in the queue that I decided not to see the film.
It was a hard job. I felt exhausted afterwards.
It was such a hard Job that I felt exhausted afterwards.
I have a lot of work to do tomorrow. I don't think I'll have time to call you. I have such a lot of work/so much work to do tomorrow that I don't think I'll have time to call you.