7-14 SO .... THAT, SUCH .... THAT
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» 7-14 SO .... THAT, SUCH .... THAT

Too ve as well olumlu cümlede ve genellikle cümle sonunda kullanılırlar. Ancak, too, özneyi vurgularken ortada da kullanılabilir.

Everybody enjoyed the play. My parents ^njoyed it too/as well. I, too, had expected him to pass. (Ben de onun geçeceğini ummuştum.)

Also, ortada kullanılan bir zarftır, ancak cümle sonunda da yer alabilir. Vurguladığı öğeye bağlı olarak cümle içindeki yeri değişebilir.

I met many old school friends at the party. I also met some of our teachers. I also had expected him to pass./I had expected him to pass also. (Ben de ...) I had expected also him to pass. (Onun da ...)

 

7-14   SO .... THAT, SUCH .... THAT

a)        So + adjective/adverb:    so warm, so beautiful, so expensive, etc.

so fast, so carefully, so quickly, etc.

Such + a/an + adjective + a singular noun: such a pretty girl, such a lovely day, such an absurd case, etc.

Such + adjective + plural noun: such pretty girls, such happy days, such expensive shoes, etc. Such + adjective + uncountable noun: such awful weather, such difficult vocabulary, such strong coffee, etc.

So ve such niteledikleri sıfatın anlamını kuvvetlendirir. Such, sıfat tamlamalanyla kullanılır. So'dan sonra bir zarf da gelebilir.

I liked the meal. It was so delicious. (It was really delicious.)

I don't want to read this book. It's so boring. (It is really boring.)

She is a good cook. She cooks such delicious meals, (really delicious meals)

I like her very much. She is such a nice person, (a really nice person)

Such'dan sonra direk bir isim de gelebilir. Bu durumda such "böyle, öyle" anlamına gelir.

Some people like money a lot. Such people don't like to spend money even on
their own needs.   (Böyle insanlar )

b)        So ve such, sıfatın ya da zarfın derecesinin umduğumuzdan az ya da çok olduğunu
ifade ederken "bu kadar, o kadar" anlamında da kullanılır.

The play was excellent. I hadn't expected it to be so good. (Bu kadar iyi olacağını ummamıştım.)

Don't work so hard. You'll lose your health. (Bu kadar çok çalışma.)

The exam was really difficult. I hadn't expected it to be such a difficult exam. (Bu kadar zor bir sınav olacağını ummamıştım.)

Their house is very large. I didn't know they had such a large house. (Bu kadar büyük bir evleri olduğunu bilmiyordum.)

 

c)         So ve such, süreç ve mesafe bildiren ifadelerle şu şekillerde kullanılır.
So long = such a long time

I didn't think the job would take so long/such a long time.

(İşin bu kadar uzun süreceğini sanmıyordum.)

So far = such a long way

I didn't know your house was so far/such a long way from your work. (Evinizin işinize bu kadar uzak olduğunu bilmiyordum.)

 

Miktar bildiren sözcüklerle so da bir isimle birlikte kullanılır.

With countable nouns:


So many = such a lot of

I have so many books/such a lot of books that I don't know where to put them. (O kadar çok kitabım var ki ....)

So few = such a few

She has so few friends/such a few friends that she feels lonely. (O kadar az arkadaşı var ki...)

With uncountable nouns:

So much = such a lot of

They have so much furniture/such a lot of furniture at home. (Evlerinde o kadar çok mobilya var ki.)

So little = such a little

I can't possibly finish typing all these letters in so little time/such a little time. (Bu kadar az zamanda bütün bu mektupları yazmayı bitirmem mümkün değil.)

 

d)         So ve such neden-sonuç ilişkisi kurarak iki cümleyi bağlayabilir.

Reason: I was very tired.       Effect: I went to bed early.

I was so tired that I went to bed early. (O kadar yorgundum ki erkenden yattım.)

Reason: There were a lot of people in the queue. Effect:    I decided not to see the film.

There were so many people/such a lot of people in the queue that I decided not to see the film.

It was a hard job. I felt exhausted afterwards.

It was such a hard Job that I felt exhausted afterwards.

I have a lot of work to do tomorrow. I don't think I'll have time to call you. I have such a lot of work/so much work to do tomorrow that I don't think I'll have time to call you.


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