İngilizce Zaman Kalıpları, İngilizce Zaman Tabloları, Tenses

» İngilizce Zaman Kalıpları, İngilizce Zaman Tabloları, Tenses

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ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
1
TENSES
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE SEVEN ARAÇLAR
Always
Usually / Generally / Most of the time / Mostly
Often / Frequently /
Sometimes / At times / Occassionally /
From time to time / Once in a while
(Every) Now and then /
(Every) Now and again
Seldom / Rarely
Barely / Hardly (ever) / Scarcely (ever) /
Never / Never ever
Every
Every year, every day, each year,
Every two years
Every other day , every other month
Once a year / Twice a week /
Three times a day
Ever
Still
How often


ÖNEMLİ HATIRLATMA !!!
TENSE’LERİ ANLATIRKEN BURADA VERDİĞİMİZ ZAMAN
BELİRTEÇLERİ SADECE BU ZAMANLARLA DEĞİL, BAŞKA
ZAMANLARLA DA KULLANILABİLİR. LİSTELER YAYGIN
KULLANIMLARI ESAS ALINARAK YAPILMIŞTIR.


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
2
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
AM, IS, ARE VERB+ING


PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE SEVEN ARAÇLAR:
Now
At the moment
Still I am still working in İzmir.
Presently
Currently
Right now
For the time being
Look/ Listen
Nowadays
These days
Tomorrow
More and more / bigger and bigger


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
3


SIMPLE PAST TENSE
V2


SIMPLE PAST TENSE SEVEN ARAÇLAR
Yesterday
Last night
Ago
in 1955
When I was
Until World War II
Before World War II
During World War II
That night / On that day
Previously / Formerly
During the last weekend
Einstein


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
4


PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
HAVE / HAS V3


PRESENT PERFECT SEVEN ARAÇLAR
Already
Just
Yet
Ever
For
Since
Since…V2. , …Have/Has V3-been V+ing
Recently-Lately
Until now, So far, Up to now, Hitherto , To date
In the last 2 weeks
Over the last 2 weeks
For the last 2 months
During the last 2 years
Twice, three times, four times
Sharapova is the best player I have ever V3
This is the first time I have ever V3
STILL Sadece olumsuzda have/has v3
She still hasn’t called me. =
She hasn’t called me yet.


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
5


PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
HAVE/HAS BEEN VERB+ING


Uzun sürebilecek fiil sever:
RUN
WORK
LIVE
SPEAK
SWIM
TEACH
STUDY gibi.


Bir eylemi geçmişte yapmaya başladık ve şimdiye
kadar da yapmaya devam ettiysek veya çok kısa
süre önce yapmayı kestiysek bu tense’i
kullanıyoruz.


Sonunda “FOR TWO YEARS, FOR A LONG TIME”
gibi zaman belirteçlerine bayılır.


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
6


PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
WAS/ WERE VERB+ING


THIS TIME YESTERDAY......
WHEN
WHILE
JUST AS
AS


Past Continuous Tense’i daha çok konuştuğumuz
eylem başka bir eylem tarafından kesildiğinde
kullanıyoruz.


Eve giderken arkadaşıma rastladım.
When I was going home, I ran into my friend.


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
7


FUTURE TENSE
WILL / WON’T


WILL SEVENLER
I hope that he will….
I think that….
I believe that….
I am sure/confident/certain that
I promise that….


WILL HAVE V3
(Yapmış olacağım)


By the time
By
Before


WILL BE V+ING
(Yapıyor olacağım)


This time tomorrow


AM IS ARE GOING TO V1
(Planlı gelecek)


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
8
PAST PERFECT TENSE


PAST PERFECT TENSE
HAD V3


Hatırlatma:
Tek cümlede tek başına kullanma !
Yanına PAST bir başka TENSE ister.


Bazı bağlaçlarla şık durur:
AFTER
BEFORE
AS SOON AS
ONCE
THE MOMENT
BY THE TIME
UNTIL
BECAUSE
HARDLY................WHEN.........
NO SOONER..........THAN.........


ÖNEMLİ !!!
PAST PERFECT TENSE’İN CÜMLE İÇİNDEKİ YERİ ÇOK
ÖNEMLİDİR. BU TENSE’İ KULLANDIĞI NIZ YER, CÜMLENİN
DİĞER TARAFINDA KONUŞULAN EYLEMDEN DAHA ÖNCE
OLMUŞ OLMALIDIR. BU ÖZELLİĞİ HER “HAD V3”
GÖRDÜĞÜMÜZDE DENETLEMELİYİZ.


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
9


PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
HAD BEEN V+ING


Past Perfect Tense’i kafamızda şöyle yerleştirelim:
Was/Were ing sonuna “for 2 hours, for three days” eklenmiş
hali. Sonda bunlar olunca was/were ing kullanamıyoruz.
Yerine : had been verb+ing.
When I went home, he was sleeping.
When I went home, he had been sleeping for 3 hours.


YASAKLAR:
Bağlacın iki tarafı HAD V3 – HAD V3 OLMAZ!


When, After,Before,Until,By the Time,
As soon as PEŞİNDEN WILL GELMEZ!


HAD V3 – HAVE,HAS V3 OLMAZ!
HAD V3 – PRESENT TENSE’LER OLMAZ!


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
10


TENSE UYUMU İSTEYEN BAĞLAÇLAR
When = As = Just as = While
After
Before
Until
By the time
As soon as
The moment
Once
Hardly............... when...................
No sooner........ than.................
As long as
So long as
Whenever / No matter when / Every time
If / Unless / Provided (that) / Providing (that)
On condition that / In the event that


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
11


TENSE UYUMU:
FUTURE:
When …..GENİŞ ZAMAN/ HAVE-HAS V3, …...WILL V1......
After
Before
By the time
As soon as
As long as
PAST:
When .........PAST BİR TENSE..... ,…...PAST BİR TENSE.......
After
Before
By the time
As soon as
As long as


ÖNEMLİ !!!
Daha eski olan tarafta HAD V3 olur.
HAD V3 – YANINA V2 İSTER.


ÜDS/KPDS GRAMER TİYOLARI TENSES
12


BY THE TIME
FUTURE:
By the time…Present Tense/Have Has V3…, …Will have V3
By 2009……..Will have V3
PAST:
By the time…V2….. , …V2 / Had V3 / was, were….ing
HARDLY HAD HE V3…… WHEN … V2
NO SOONER HAD HE V3….. THAN…. V2

verb tenses


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